Conformity and obedience (3)

The first studies on adaptation and obedience in the late 19th century focused almost exclusively on mass phenomena. The importance of this perspective was to become apparent only at the beginning of the 20th century, with its two major world wars. The 1930s in particular were the time when politics first practically embraced this knowledge, mobilizing populations for the worst through large mass rallies.

But the politics of the new mass democracies that emerged after the war also had to be able to count on adaptation and obedience. So, how are adaptation and obedience to be understood in a normal, everyday situation, without all the mass hypnosis and collective trance?


  • Asch, Solomon E. „Opinions and Social Pressure“. Scientific American 193, Nr. 5 (1955): 31–35.
  • Bussemer, Thymian. „Das Massenparadigma: Propaganda als Verführung“, 61–248, 2005.
  • Hitler, Adolf. Hitler, Mein Kampf: eine kritische Edition. Herausgegeben von Christian Hartmann und Edith Raim. München: Institut für Zeitgeschichte, 2016.
  • Le Bon, Gustave. Psychologie des foules. 9e édition. Paris: PUF, 2013.
  • Tarde, Gabriel. L’opinion et la Foule. Paris : Félix Alcan. 1910.